Follow these four steps to help you manage your diabetes and live a long and active life.
Step 1: Learn about diabetes
What is diabetes?
There are three main types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes – Your body does not make insulin to take the sugar (glucose) from the foods you eat and turn it into energy for your body. If you have type 1 diabetes, you need to take insulin every day to live.
- Type 2 diabetes – Your body does not make or use insulin well. You might need to take pills or insulin to help control your diabetes. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.
- Gestational (jest-TAY-shun-al) diabetes – Some women get this kind of diabetes when they are pregnant. Most of the time it goes away after the baby is born. But even if it goes away, these women and their children have a greater chance of getting diabetes later in life.
Why is diabetes serious?
Diabetes can cause health problems such as heart attack or stroke, eye problems, nerve damage, kidney problems, and teeth and gum problems. People with diabetes need to make healthy food choices, stay at a healthy weight, move more every day, and take their medicines even when they feel good. It is a lot to do. It’s not easy, but it’s worth it.